BENVENISTE


BENVENISTE
BENVENISTE (also Bienveniste, Benvist, Abenbenist, etc.), personal name and surname of a widespread Sephardi family. The name originated in Spain and Provence and means "welcome." It is first mentioned in documents from Barcelona in 1079. After the expulsion from Spain in 1492, the family was dispersed, especially throughout the Ottoman Empire. Prominent members, in addition to those to whom separate articles are devoted, include BENVENISTE IBN BENVENISTE (early 14th century), translator of medical works from Arabic into Catalan during the reign of James II, king of Aragon (1291–1327); IZMEL (ISHMAEL) of Barcelona (early 14th century), physician, father of the physician samuel benveniste ; ADZAY (=ḤASDAI) BENVENIST (mid-15th century), member of the communal council in Saragossa; JUDAH B. ABRAHAM (1460–1515), born in Toledo, a descendant of abraham benveniste of Soria, who, after the expulsion from Spain, was active in Salonika; and NISSIM (15th century), a scholar whose halakhic queries to isaac aboab were published by Abraham Meldola in Ziv ha-Einayim. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer, Urkunden, 1 pt. 2 (1936), index, S.V. Bienvenist; Baer, Spain, index; Cantera-Millás, Inscripciones, 180, 193–4; Sefarad, index to vols. 1–15 (1957), 399, 401.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BENVENISTE (É.) — Émile Benveniste fut l’un des plus grands linguistes contemporains. Ses contributions essentielles concernent les études indo européennes, la linguistique synchronique et la linguistique théorique. Il fut élu au Collège de France en 1937 et il y… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benveniste — ist der Name folgender Persönlichkeiten: ben Chijja al Dajjan Benveniste (1170–1200?), jüdischer Dichter Émile Benveniste (1902–1976), französischer Sprachwissenschaftler Hayyiim ben Israel Benveniste (1603–1673), Rabbi von Smyrna Jacques… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Benveniste — (Spanish bien venida = welcome) is the surname of an old, rich, and scholarly family of Narbonne, France, several branches of which were found all over Spain and the Provence, France, as well as at various places in the Orient. It is also borne… …   Wikipedia

  • Benvéniste — Benveniste Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le patronyme Benveniste a été porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Émile Benveniste est un linguiste français,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benveniste — Benveniste, Émile …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Benveniste — (émile) (1902 1976) linguiste français. Spécialiste des langues indo européennes, héritier du courant comparatiste …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Benveniste — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le patronyme Benveniste a été porté par plusieurs personnalités (par ordre alphabétique) : Claire Blanche Benveniste est une linguiste française… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Benveniste — Benvenịste   [französisch bɛ̃v nist], Émile, französischer Sprachwissenschaftler, * Aleppo 27. 5. 1902, ✝ Versailles 3. 10. 1976; wurde 1937 Professor am Collège de France in Paris und trat u. a. mit Arbeiten zur allgemeinen Sprachwissenschaft… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • BENVENISTE, ABRAHAM — (1406–1454), court rabbi in Castile mentioned in crown documents dating from about 1430. The young king, John II, handed over the government of Castile to two noblemen, who appointed Benveniste, a native of Soria, to restore its shaky fiscal… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BENVENISTE (or Benvenist), ḤAYYIM BEN ISRAEL — (1603–1673), Sephardi rabbinic scholar and codifier. Benveniste studied in his native Constantinople mainly under Joseph b. Moses of Trani, and also under joseph samegah . In 1624, when he was only 21, he began to write his detailed commentary on …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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